About

The aim of this repository is:

  • to release datasets on fees paid for Open Access journal articles by Universities and Research Society Funds under an Open Database License
  • to demonstrate how reporting on fee-based Open Access publishing can be made more transparent and reproducible across institutions.

Participating German Universities

So far, the following German universities have agreed to share information on paid author processing charges (APC):

Participating Research Society Funds in Germany

Dataset on funds that are supported by research societies under its Open-Access Publishing Programme.

Participating Research Organizations:

The data content covers APCs as paid for by our central budget for the Max Planck Society (MPS). APCs funded locally by Max Planck Institutes are not part of this data set. The MPS has a limited input tax reduction. The refund of input VAT for APC is 20%. Until the end of 2007 the MPS was VAT exempt.

Participating Austrian Institutions

Participating Swiss Institutions

Participating Italian Institutions

Institutions from Norway:

  • Akershus University Hospital
  • BI Norwegian Business School
  • Bergen University College
  • Fridtjof Nansen Institute
  • GenØk - Centre for Biosafety
  • Harstad University College
  • Innlandet Hospital Trust
  • Institute of Marine Research
  • Molde University College
  • NILU - Norwegian Institute for Air Research
  • Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
  • Nord University
  • Norwegian Center for Studies on Violence and Traumatic Stress
  • Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research
  • Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
  • Norwegian Institute of Public Health
  • Norwegian Institute of Water Research
  • Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
  • Norwegian University of Life Sciences
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • Oslo University Hospital
  • Oslo and Akershus university college
  • SINTEF (Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research)
  • Sørlandet Hospital Trust
  • Uni Research
  • University College of Southeast Norway
  • University of Agder
  • University of Bergen
  • University of Oslo
  • University of Stavanger
  • University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway
  • Vestfold Hospital Trust
  • Vestre Viken Hospital Trust

Participating Spanish Institutions:

Institutions from Sweden (via Open APC Sweden):

  • Chalmers University of Technology
  • Dalarna University College
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Linköping University
  • Luleå University of Technology
  • Lund University
  • Malmö University College
  • Stockholm University
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Umeå University
  • University of Gothenburg
  • Uppsala University

Participating Institutions from the United Kingdom:

Jisc Collections released data on APC payments made by UK higher education institutions (HEIs):

  • Aberystwyth University
  • Aston University
  • Bangor University
  • Cardiff University
  • Cranfield University
  • Goldsmiths
  • Imperial College London
  • Institute of Cancer Research (ICR)
  • Keele University
  • King’s College London
  • London School of Economics (LSE)
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
  • Lancaster University
  • Manchester Metropolitan University
  • Northumbria University
  • Plymouth University
  • Queen Mary, University of London
  • Queen’s University Belfast
  • Royal Holloway
  • St George’s, University of London
  • Swansea University
  • University College London (UCL)
  • University of Aberdeen
  • University of Bath
  • University of Birmingham
  • University of Bristol
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Durham
  • University of Edinburgh
  • University of Exeter
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Huddersfield
  • University of Hull
  • University of Leicester
  • University of Liverpool
  • University of Loughborough
  • University of Manchester
  • University of Newcastle
  • University of Nottingham
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Portsmouth
  • University of Reading
  • University of Salford
  • University of Sheffield
  • University of Southampton
  • University of St Andrews
  • University of Surrey
  • University of Sussex
  • University of Warwick
  • University of York

Participating Institutions from the United States:

Participating Canadian Institutions:

Supranational participants

  • OpenAIRE (FP7 Post-Grant Open Access Pilot)

Dataset

Information on both open access journal articles and open access publication of articles in toll-access journals (“hybrid”) are provided.

In total, 93 351 291 € for 48 605 articles were paid by the participating unviversities. Average fee is 1 920.6 € and the median 1 728 €.

Open Access Journals

At the moment, the dataset releases information on 27 530 articles in open access journals which charge publication fees. Total expenditure amounts to 40 838 523 €. Average fee is 1 483.4 € and the median 1 398 €.

View dataset on GitHub.

  Articles Fees paid in EURO Mean Fee paid Median
Aberystwyth University 9 18,176 2,020 1,569
Akershus University Hospital 11 15,680 1,425 1,290
Aston University 24 47,259 1,969 1,654
Bamberg U 36 39,450 1,096 1,116
Bangor University 20 46,857 2,343 1,638
Bayreuth U 128 148,228 1,158 1,202
Bergen University College 13 19,984 1,537 1,713
BI Norwegian Business School 4 2,761 690 724
Bielefeld U 348 437,899 1,258 1,276
Bochum U 204 304,382 1,492 1,562
Bremen U 299 389,718 1,303 1,285
Cardiff University 169 289,389 1,712 1,562
Chalmers University of Technology 3 2,142 714 560
Cranfield University 10 14,348 1,435 1,530
Dalarna University College 27 38,434 1,423 1,698
Dortmund TU 38 39,184 1,031 962
Duisburg-Essen U 236 322,744 1,368 1,277
Erlangen Nuernberg U 706 1,015,055 1,438 1,513
Freiburg U 623 871,696 1,399 1,449
Fridtjof Nansen Institute 4 5,062 1,265 1,303
FU Berlin 187 255,545 1,367 1,410
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 1,017 1,542,862 1,517 1,398
FZJ - ZB 266 336,279 1,264 1,165
GenØk - Centre for Biosafety 5 5,295 1,059 1,109
GFZ-Potsdam 172 225,908 1,313 1,224
Giessen U 415 590,189 1,422 1,346
Goettingen U 849 1,200,870 1,414 1,422
Goldsmiths 4 5,385 1,346 1,428
Hamburg TUHH 28 38,431 1,373 1,418
Hannover U 138 181,409 1,315 1,392
Harstad University College 2 2,024 1,012 1,012
Harvard U 94 82,722 880 796
Heidelberg U 396 586,179 1,480 1,614
HZDR 59 89,634 1,519 1,209
Imperial College London 572 1,064,200 1,860 1,595
INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien 5 5,744 1,149 1,305
Innlandet Hospital Trust 3 5,174 1,725 1,917
Institute of Cancer Research 20 43,133 2,157 1,673
Institute of Marine Research 14 20,153 1,440 1,404
IPN 4 3,909 977 479
IST Austria 13 30,578 2,352 1,632
JGU Mainz 215 302,527 1,407 1,381
Karolinska Institutet 7 4,371 624 755
Kassel U 78 85,210 1,092 1,136
Keele University 19 31,431 1,654 1,644
King’s College London 198 401,718 2,029 1,591
KIT 542 705,673 1,302 1,340
Konstanz U 286 422,405 1,477 1,452
KTH Royal Institute of Technology 106 129,263 1,219 1,072
Lancaster University 28 34,167 1,220 1,221
Leibniz-Fonds 274 439,562 1,604 1,570
Leipzig U 270 386,841 1,433 1,504
Linköping University 99 155,146 1,567 1,355
LSE 14 26,721 1,909 1,798
LSHTM 44 75,734 1,721 1,529
Luleå University of Technology 15 15,352 1,023 1,088
Lund University 7 6,555 936 755
Malmö University College 4 4,007 1,002 890
Manchester Metropolitan University 10 14,997 1,500 1,421
MDC 69 137,459 1,992 1,483
Milano U 121 185,356 1,532 1,495
Molde University College 3 1,876 625 584
MPG 3,629 4,985,369 1,374 1,207
Muenchen LMU 407 533,749 1,311 1,342
Münster U 325 381,287 1,173 1,159
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center 6 5,298 883 775
NILU - Norwegian Institute for Air Research 14 20,647 1,475 1,441
Nord University 12 14,974 1,248 1,126
Northumbria University 21 31,037 1,478 1,380
Norwegian Center for Studies on Violence and Traumatic Stress 5 4,605 921 953
Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research 2 2,389 1,194 1,194
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research 18 23,241 1,291 1,264
Norwegian Institute of Public Health 63 84,324 1,338 1,418
Norwegian Institute of Water Research 2 1,813 906 906
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences 2 1,568 784 784
Norwegian University of Life Sciences 53 72,307 1,364 1,449
Norwegian University of Science and Technology 115 162,119 1,410 1,420
Oldenburg U 177 215,062 1,215 1,361
OpenAIRE 538 780,991 1,452 1,413
Oslo and Akershus university college 36 45,728 1,270 1,252
Oslo University Hospital 111 149,777 1,349 1,392
Plymouth University 11 14,848 1,350 1,340
Potsdam U 60 87,242 1,454 1,476
Queen Mary, University of London 53 89,135 1,682 1,250
Queen’s University Belfast 114 184,597 1,619 1,543
Regensburg U 484 652,522 1,348 1,254
Royal Holloway 12 20,914 1,743 1,512
SINTEF 3 3,633 1,211 1,176
Sørlandet Hospital Trust 5 8,453 1,691 1,667
St George’s, University of London 19 36,284 1,910 1,862
Stockholm University 94 143,268 1,524 1,402
Swansea University 36 59,942 1,665 1,332
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 343 449,661 1,311 1,326
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) 244 395,297 1,620 1,361
TIB 1 1,619 1,619 1,619
TiHo Hannover 137 194,193 1,417 1,416
Trier U 12 18,716 1,560 1,572
TU Berlin 30 34,171 1,139 1,189
TU Chemnitz 73 84,652 1,160 1,289
TU Clausthal 12 11,023 919 918
TU Dresden 195 274,112 1,406 1,449
TU Ilmenau 26 31,545 1,213 1,408
TU Muenchen 551 713,150 1,294 1,439
TU Wien 23 32,403 1,409 1,323
Tuebingen U 594 814,355 1,371 1,386
UCL 1,645 2,697,774 1,640 1,534
UFZ 40 42,186 1,055 979
Ulm U 191 294,038 1,539 1,541
Umeå University 8 6,104 763 724
Uni Research 19 28,070 1,477 1,474
Universitat de Barcelona 373 342,602 919 862
University College of Southeast Norway 19 19,107 1,006 907
University of Aberdeen 26 48,895 1,881 1,787
University of Agder 62 42,571 687 536
University of Bath 34 48,484 1,426 1,395
University of Bergen 156 242,308 1,553 1,549
University of Birmingham 433 749,069 1,730 1,680
University of Bristol 198 342,569 1,730 1,607
University of Calgary 884 993,823 1,124 1,145
University of Cambridge 527 1,146,718 2,176 1,807
University of Durham 50 95,365 1,907 1,719
University of Edinburgh 157 268,393 1,710 1,632
University of Exeter 59 103,364 1,752 1,395
University of Glasgow 144 272,944 1,895 1,568
University of Gothenburg 193 295,543 1,531 1,406
University of Huddersfield 3 3,452 1,151 1,192
University of Hull 5 7,548 1,510 1,635
University of Leicester 50 82,629 1,653 1,652
University of Liverpool 262 445,007 1,698 1,693
University of Loughborough 7 9,422 1,346 1,650
University of Manchester 247 481,564 1,950 1,672
University of Newcastle 149 304,300 2,042 1,716
University of Nottingham 68 124,918 1,837 1,626
University of Oslo 218 339,354 1,557 1,522
University of Oxford 448 965,918 2,156 1,901
University of Portsmouth 6 8,489 1,415 1,303
University of Reading 58 91,448 1,577 1,534
University of Salford 4 5,714 1,429 1,480
University of Sheffield 150 255,179 1,701 1,496
University of Southampton 121 224,453 1,855 1,538
University of St Andrews 98 171,540 1,750 1,514
University of Stavanger 1 709 709 709
University of Surrey 3 4,732 1,577 1,628
University of Sussex 61 118,769 1,947 1,554
University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway 179 252,462 1,410 1,523
University of Warwick 74 146,885 1,985 1,639
University of York 102 176,418 1,730 1,530
Uppsala University 8 6,467 808 691
Vestfold Hospital Trust 4 6,134 1,533 1,532
Vestre Viken Hospital Trust 4 5,796 1,449 1,555
Virginia Tech 153 165,423 1,081 1,216
Wellcome Trust 1,015 1,782,368 1,756 1,604
Wuerzburg U 562 749,032 1,333 1,309

Hybrid articles

In many toll-access journals some of the articles are open access after a fee has been paid. This model is often called “hybrid open access”. The dataset covers 21 075 hybrid open access articles. Total expenditure amounts to 52 512 769 €. Average fee is 2 491.7 € and the median 2 444 €.

The following institutions have contributed its expenditures for hybrid open access.

  Articles Fees paid in EURO Mean Fee paid Median
Aberystwyth University 6 16,115 2,686 2,775
Aston University 76 164,750 2,168 2,174
Bangor University 39 106,903 2,741 2,714
Bergen University College 1 503 503 503
Cardiff University 522 1,302,192 2,495 2,555
Chalmers University of Technology 7 16,723 2,389 2,429
Cranfield University 66 186,639 2,828 2,901
Dalarna University College 13 33,705 2,593 2,690
Dortmund TU 1 1,581 1,581 1,581
Duisburg-Essen U 8 21,167 2,646 2,618
Erlangen Nuernberg U 1 1,638 1,638 1,638
FU Berlin 1 1,500 1,500 1,500
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 3,188 7,778,679 2,440 2,599
FZJ - ZB 23 46,887 2,039 2,328
GenØk - Centre for Biosafety 2 3,650 1,825 1,825
GFZ-Potsdam 10 24,555 2,455 2,643
Goldsmiths 5 31,696 6,339 3,100
Hannover U 4 5,824 1,456 1,398
HZDR 2 3,650 1,825 1,825
Imperial College London 870 2,345,319 2,696 2,648
INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien 9 27,020 3,002 3,213
Institute of Cancer Research 67 206,220 3,078 2,811
IPN 22 53,603 2,437 2,558
IST Austria 3 11,911 3,970 3,468
JGU Mainz 1 1,792 1,792 1,792
Karolinska Institutet 25 38,269 1,531 1,473
Keele University 25 65,045 2,602 2,644
King’s College London 547 1,479,691 2,705 2,640
KIT 1 2,000 2,000 2,000
Konstanz U 1 1,950 1,950 1,950
KTH Royal Institute of Technology 30 58,195 1,940 2,109
Lancaster University 88 200,823 2,282 2,221
Linköping University 33 69,756 2,114 2,132
LSE 44 86,452 1,965 2,067
LSHTM 79 199,854 2,530 2,287
Luleå University of Technology 13 28,385 2,183 2,429
Lund University 36 71,500 1,986 2,132
Malmö University College 6 14,883 2,480 2,530
Manchester Metropolitan University 16 34,362 2,148 2,198
MDC 27 67,002 2,482 2,200
Milano U 29 63,175 2,178 2,200
MPG 10 9,179 918 958
Northumbria University 30 67,687 2,256 2,135
Plymouth University 18 44,466 2,470 2,482
Queen Mary, University of London 130 296,514 2,281 2,024
Queen’s University Belfast 34 86,290 2,538 2,495
Royal Holloway 34 79,500 2,338 2,079
St George’s, University of London 23 67,276 2,925 2,756
Stockholm University 151 308,509 2,043 2,200
Swansea University 110 273,581 2,487 2,576
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 154 347,982 2,260 2,200
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) 58 119,225 2,056 2,153
TiHo Hannover 9 16,412 1,824 1,595
TU Chemnitz 1 100 100 100
TU Clausthal 3 7,082 2,361 2,500
UCL 2,882 6,394,693 2,219 1,999
Ulm U 17 35,219 2,072 2,319
Umeå University 22 43,072 1,958 2,132
University of Aberdeen 34 101,418 2,983 2,809
University of Bath 147 317,089 2,157 2,049
University of Birmingham 571 1,401,746 2,455 2,480
University of Bristol 557 1,344,586 2,414 2,275
University of Calgary 45 91,902 2,042 2,184
University of Cambridge 1,517 4,237,627 2,793 2,683
University of Durham 265 563,728 2,127 2,091
University of Edinburgh 299 793,402 2,654 2,618
University of Exeter 101 269,157 2,665 2,669
University of Glasgow 448 1,120,600 2,501 2,467
University of Gothenburg 105 258,773 2,465 2,750
University of Huddersfield 29 36,984 1,275 968
University of Hull 10 26,794 2,679 2,640
University of Leicester 110 277,033 2,518 2,326
University of Liverpool 425 1,043,327 2,455 2,467
University of Loughborough 153 322,498 2,108 2,190
University of Manchester 835 2,036,225 2,439 2,381
University of Newcastle 354 972,503 2,747 2,629
University of Nottingham 133 343,025 2,579 2,626
University of Oxford 1,057 3,163,650 2,993 2,746
University of Portsmouth 6 13,412 2,235 2,652
University of Reading 234 537,879 2,299 2,308
University of Salford 5 13,547 2,709 2,662
University of Sheffield 419 1,020,762 2,436 2,289
University of Southampton 138 368,880 2,673 2,555
University of St Andrews 124 281,429 2,270 2,159
University of Surrey 5 15,095 3,019 2,769
University of Sussex 97 236,396 2,437 2,335
University of Warwick 267 679,743 2,546 2,574
University of York 148 365,651 2,471 2,389
Uppsala University 23 47,629 2,071 2,132
Virginia Tech 14 20,480 1,463 1,256
Wellcome Trust 2,767 7,117,449 2,572 2,565

Use of external sources

External sources were used to compile the dataset. This allows for disambiguated information on publishers and journals in order to make cost data comparable. Shared identifiers for publications (e.g. PMID) are provided as well.

Source variable description
CrossRef publisher Title of Publisher
CrossRef journal_full_title Full Title of Journal
CrossRef issn International Standard Serial Numbers (collapsed)
CrossRef issn_print ISSN print
CrossRef issn_electronic ISSN electronic
CrossRef license_ref License of the article
CrossRef indexed_in_crossref Is the article metadata registered with CrossRef? (logical)
ISSN International Centre issn_l Linking ISSN
EuropePMC pmid PubMed ID
EuropePMC pmcid PubMed Central ID
Web of Science ut Web of Science record ID
DOAJ doaj Is the journal indexed in the DOAJ? (logical)

Sample Visualisations

Distribution over publishers by university

plot of chunk uni_publisher

Comparing fees paid by university and research institution

plot of chunk box_all

Average fees paid by publisher

plot of chunk box_publisher

Average fees Max Planck Digital Library paid for Springer Open Access articles by year

plot of chunk box_mpdl_springer

For more examples see also http://openapc.github.io/openapc-de/

How to contribute?

In collaboration with the DINI working group Electronic Publishing, a wiki page(in German) explains all the steps required. Meeting and telephone conferences are documented as well:

License

The datasets are made available under the Open Database License: http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/1.0/. Any rights in individual contents of the database are licensed under the Database Contents License: http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/dbcl/1.0/

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License.

How to cite?

When citing this dataset, please indicate the release you are referring to. The releases also contain information on contributors relating to the respective release.

Please do not cite the master branch of the Github repository (https://github.com/OpenAPC/openapc-de/tree/master/), but use the release numbers/tags.

Bielefeld University Library archives a copy (including commit history). To cite:

{Contributors:} Datasets on fee-based Open Access publishing across German Institutions. Bielefeld University. 10.4119/UNIBI/UB.2014.18

Acknowledgement

This project follows Wellcome Trust example to share data on paid APCs. It recognises efforts from JISC and the ESAC initative to standardise APC reporting.

For data enrichment, sample visualisations and explorations we build on the work of rOpenSci and LibreCat/Catmandu.

Contributors

Jens Harald Aasheim, Benjamin Ahlborn, Chelsea Ambler, Magdalena Andrae, Jochen Apel, Hans-Georg Becker, Roland Bertelmann, Daniel Beucke, Peter Blume, Ute Blumtritt, Kim Braun, Christoph Broschinski, Dorothea Busjahn, Pablo de Castro, Amanda Cullin, Patrick Danowski, Gernot Deinzer, Julia Dickel, Andrea Dorner, Karin Eckert, Clemens Engelhardt, Inken Feldsien-Sudhaus, Fabian Franke, Claudia Frick, Paola Galimberti, Agnes Geißelmann, Kai Karin Geschuhn, Steffi Grimm, Christian Gutknecht, Uli Hahn, Kristina Hanig, Dominik Hell, Ulrich Herb, Ute Holzwarth, Christie Hurrell, Doris Jaeger, Najko Jahn, Alexandra Jobmann, Andreas Kennecke, Robert Kiley, Stephanie Kroiss, Gerrit Kuehle, Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Stuart Lawson, Kathrin Lucht-Roussel, Frank Lützenkirchen, Anna Marini, Anja Oberländer, Vitali Peil, Dirk Pieper, Tobias Pohlmann, Markus Putnings, Annette Scheiner, Michael Schlachter, Birgit Schlegel, Adriana Sikora, Susanne Stemmler, Matti Stöhr, Edith Reschke, Katharina Rieck, Florian Ruckelshausen, Ilka Rudolf, Marco Tullney, Astrid Vieler, Viola Voß, Marco Winkler, Sabine Witt, Philip Young

Contact

For bugs, feature requests and other issues, please submit an issue via Github.

For general comments, email openapc at uni-bielefeld.de

Disclaimer

People, who are looking for “Open Advanced Process Control Software” for automation, visualization and process control tasks from home control up to industrial automation, please follow http://www.openapc.com (2015-09-30)