About

The aim of this repository is:

  • to release datasets on fees paid for Open Access journal articles by Universities and Research Society Funds under an Open Database License
  • to demonstrate how reporting on fee-based Open Access publishing can be made more transparent and reproducible across institutions.

Participating German Universities

So far, the following German universities have agreed to share information on paid author processing charges (APC):

Participating Research Society Funds in Germany

Dataset on funds that are supported by research societies under its Open-Access Publishing Programme.

Participating Research Organizations:

The data content covers APCs as paid for by our central budget for the Max Planck Society (MPS). APCs funded locally by Max Planck Institutes are not part of this data set. The MPS has a limited input tax reduction. The refund of input VAT for APC is 20%. Until the end of 2007 the MPS was VAT exempt.

Participating Austrian Institutions

Participating Italian Institutions

Participating Spanish Institutions:

Participating Institutions from the United Kingdom:

Jisc Collections released data on APC payments made by UK higher education institutions (HEIs):

  • Aston University
  • Bangor University
  • Cardiff University
  • Cranfield University
  • Durham University
  • Imperial College London
  • Institute of Cancer Research (ICR)
  • King’s College London
  • Loughborough University
  • London School of Economics (LSE)
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
  • Newcastle University
  • Northumbria University
  • Plymouth University
  • Queen Mary University of London
  • Queen’s University Belfast
  • Royal Holloway, University of London
  • Swansea University
  • University College London (UCL)
  • University of Aberdeen
  • University of Bath
  • University of Birmingham
  • University of Bristol
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Huddersfield
  • University of Hull
  • University of Leicester
  • University of Liverpool
  • University of Manchester
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Portsmouth
  • University of Reading
  • University of Salford
  • University of Sheffield
  • University of Surrey
  • University of Sussex
  • University of St Andrews
  • University of Warwick
  • University of York

Participating Institutions from the United States:

Participating Canadian Institutions:

Supranational participants

  • OpenAIRE (FP7 Post-Grant Open Access Pilot)

Dataset

Information on both open access journal articles and open access publication of articles in toll-access journals (“hybrid”) are provided.

In total, 86 008 454 € for 44 425 articles were paid by the participating unviversities. Average fee is 1 936 € and the median 1 756 €.

Open Access Journals

At the moment, the dataset releases information on 24 390 articles in open access journals which charge publication fees. Total expenditure amounts to 36 071 376 €. Average fee is 1 478.9 € and the median 1 386 €.

View dataset on GitHub.

  Articles Fees paid in EURO Mean Fee paid Median
Aberystwyth University 9 18,176 2,020 1,569
Aston University 25 47,972 1,919 1,650
Bamberg U 36 39,450 1,096 1,116
Bangor University 20 46,857 2,343 1,638
Bayreuth U 92 105,725 1,149 1,200
Bielefeld U 348 437,899 1,258 1,276
Bochum U 130 188,000 1,446 1,510
Bremen U 299 389,718 1,303 1,285
Cardiff University 148 253,582 1,713 1,572
Chalmers University of Technology 3 2,142 714 560
Cranfield University 10 14,348 1,435 1,530
Dalarna University College 27 38,434 1,423 1,698
Dortmund TU 38 39,184 1,031 962
Duisburg-Essen U 192 247,364 1,288 1,240
Erlangen Nuernberg U 538 755,645 1,405 1,454
Freiburg U 623 871,696 1,399 1,449
FU Berlin 187 255,545 1,367 1,410
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 1,017 1,542,862 1,517 1,398
FZJ - ZB 266 336,279 1,264 1,165
GFZ-Potsdam 126 148,862 1,181 1,082
Giessen U 415 590,189 1,422 1,346
Goettingen U 849 1,200,870 1,414 1,422
Goldsmiths 4 5,385 1,346 1,428
Hamburg TUHH 28 38,431 1,373 1,418
Hannover U 100 127,965 1,280 1,257
Harvard U 94 82,722 880 796
Heidelberg U 396 586,179 1,480 1,614
HZDR 59 89,634 1,519 1,209
Imperial College London 563 1,051,993 1,869 1,596
INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien 5 5,744 1,149 1,305
Institute of Cancer Research 15 33,133 2,209 1,652
IPN 4 3,909 977 479
IST Austria 13 30,578 2,352 1,632
JGU Mainz 216 304,319 1,409 1,383
Karolinska Institutet 7 4,371 624 755
Kassel U 55 59,511 1,082 1,129
Keele University 19 32,082 1,689 1,644
King’s College London 169 345,648 2,045 1,593
KIT 542 705,673 1,302 1,340
Konstanz U 286 422,405 1,477 1,452
KTH Royal Institute of Technology 107 131,168 1,226 1,072
Lancaster University 17 23,019 1,354 1,393
Leibniz-Fonds 143 242,308 1,694 1,590
Leipzig U 270 386,841 1,433 1,504
Linköping University 99 155,146 1,567 1,355
LSE 14 26,721 1,909 1,798
LSHTM 44 75,734 1,721 1,529
Luleå University of Technology 15 15,352 1,023 1,088
Lund University 7 6,555 936 755
Malmö University College 4 4,007 1,002 890
Manchester Metropolitan University 10 14,997 1,500 1,421
MDC 69 137,459 1,992 1,483
Milano U 59 90,625 1,536 1,483
MPG 3,436 4,649,602 1,353 1,203
Muenchen LMU 407 533,749 1,311 1,342
Münster U 325 381,287 1,173 1,159
Northumbria University 20 29,657 1,483 1,387
Oldenburg U 135 163,120 1,208 1,345
OpenAIRE 539 782,833 1,452 1,413
Plymouth University 10 13,018 1,302 1,279
Potsdam U 60 87,242 1,454 1,476
Queen Mary, University of London 28 46,664 1,667 1,436
Queen’s University Belfast 114 184,597 1,619 1,543
Regensburg U 484 652,522 1,348 1,254
Royal Holloway 12 20,914 1,743 1,512
St George’s, University of London 19 36,284 1,910 1,862
Stockholm University 94 143,268 1,524 1,402
Swansea University 36 59,942 1,665 1,332
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 343 449,661 1,311 1,326
TIB 1 1,619 1,619 1,619
TiHo Hannover 67 88,367 1,319 1,396
TU Chemnitz 55 60,695 1,104 1,374
TU Clausthal 8 6,999 875 918
TU Dresden 195 274,112 1,406 1,449
TU Ilmenau 26 31,545 1,213 1,408
TU Muenchen 551 713,150 1,294 1,439
TU Wien 23 32,403 1,409 1,323
Tuebingen U 411 548,124 1,334 1,346
UCL 1,463 2,391,591 1,635 1,526
UFZ 40 42,186 1,055 979
Ulm U 108 155,525 1,440 1,409
Umeå University 8 6,104 763 724
Universitat de Barcelona 373 342,602 919 862
University of Aberdeen 16 30,434 1,902 1,787
University of Bath 34 48,484 1,426 1,395
University of Birmingham 416 717,371 1,724 1,680
University of Bristol 193 336,292 1,742 1,625
University of Calgary 884 993,823 1,124 1,145
University of Cambridge 433 943,714 2,179 1,807
University of Durham 49 93,155 1,901 1,698
University of Edinburgh 159 269,874 1,697 1,586
University of Exeter 55 96,969 1,763 1,395
University of Glasgow 105 206,779 1,969 1,483
University of Gothenburg 193 295,543 1,531 1,406
University of Huddersfield 3 3,452 1,151 1,192
University of Hull 5 7,548 1,510 1,635
University of Leicester 39 67,778 1,738 1,690
University of Liverpool 218 359,858 1,651 1,624
University of Loughborough 1 968 968 968
University of Manchester 247 481,564 1,950 1,672
University of Newcastle 142 290,244 2,044 1,705
University of Nottingham 68 124,918 1,837 1,626
University of Oxford 441 952,824 2,161 1,898
University of Portsmouth 6 8,489 1,415 1,303
University of Reading 55 87,306 1,587 1,587
University of Salford 4 5,714 1,429 1,480
University of Sheffield 153 261,463 1,709 1,497
University of Southampton 120 223,390 1,862 1,550
University of St Andrews 92 164,030 1,783 1,522
University of Surrey 3 4,732 1,577 1,628
University of Sussex 60 114,274 1,905 1,537
University of Warwick 74 146,885 1,985 1,639
University of York 98 166,773 1,702 1,529
Uppsala University 8 6,467 808 691
Virginia Tech 153 165,423 1,081 1,216
Wellcome Trust 1,079 1,906,002 1,766 1,607
Wuerzburg U 562 749,032 1,333 1,309

Hybrid articles

In many toll-access journals some of the articles are open access after a fee has been paid. This model is often called “hybrid open access”. The dataset covers 20 035 hybrid open access articles. Total expenditure amounts to 49 937 078 €. Average fee is 2 492.5 € and the median 2 444 €.

The following institutions have contributed its expenditures for hybrid open access.

  Articles Fees paid in EURO Mean Fee paid Median
Aberystwyth University 6 16,115 2,686 2,775
Aston University 73 159,488 2,185 2,178
Bangor University 38 104,790 2,758 2,726
Cardiff University 478 1,206,851 2,525 2,571
Chalmers University of Technology 7 16,723 2,389 2,429
Cranfield University 63 178,932 2,840 2,929
Dalarna University College 13 33,705 2,593 2,690
Dortmund TU 1 1,581 1,581 1,581
Duisburg-Essen U 3 7,854 2,618 2,618
Erlangen Nuernberg U 1 1,638 1,638 1,638
FU Berlin 1 1,500 1,500 1,500
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 3,188 7,778,679 2,440 2,599
FZJ - ZB 23 46,887 2,039 2,328
GFZ-Potsdam 5 10,756 2,151 2,190
Goldsmiths 5 31,696 6,339 3,100
Hannover U 2 2,646 1,323 1,323
HZDR 21 14,450 688 600
Imperial College London 857 2,312,618 2,698 2,649
INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien 9 27,020 3,002 3,213
Institute of Cancer Research 43 129,726 3,017 2,793
IPN 22 53,603 2,437 2,558
IST Austria 3 11,911 3,970 3,468
Karolinska Institutet 25 38,269 1,531 1,473
Keele University 25 65,045 2,602 2,644
King’s College London 505 1,357,330 2,688 2,640
KIT 1 2,000 2,000 2,000
Konstanz U 1 1,950 1,950 1,950
KTH Royal Institute of Technology 47 90,580 1,927 1,905
Lancaster University 56 135,977 2,428 2,381
Linköping University 33 69,756 2,114 2,132
LSE 36 65,882 1,830 2,045
LSHTM 79 199,854 2,530 2,287
Luleå University of Technology 13 28,385 2,183 2,429
Lund University 36 71,500 1,986 2,132
Malmö University College 6 14,883 2,480 2,530
Manchester Metropolitan University 14 29,724 2,123 2,180
MDC 27 67,002 2,482 2,200
Milano U 9 15,735 1,748 1,969
MPG 7 6,262 895 971
Northumbria University 28 66,441 2,373 2,295
Plymouth University 18 44,466 2,470 2,482
Queen Mary, University of London 88 192,096 2,183 1,927
Queen’s University Belfast 34 86,290 2,538 2,495
Royal Holloway 31 72,192 2,329 2,040
St George’s, University of London 23 67,276 2,925 2,756
Stockholm University 151 308,509 2,043 2,200
Swansea University 109 270,073 2,478 2,576
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 154 347,982 2,260 2,200
TiHo Hannover 7 11,334 1,619 1,435
TU Chemnitz 1 100 100 100
UCL 2,596 5,703,978 2,197 1,972
Ulm U 16 33,672 2,104 2,319
Umeå University 22 43,072 1,958 2,132
University of Aberdeen 19 53,694 2,826 2,681
University of Bath 149 321,847 2,160 2,056
University of Birmingham 565 1,383,840 2,449 2,480
University of Bristol 540 1,304,946 2,417 2,272
University of Calgary 45 91,902 2,042 2,184
University of Cambridge 1,285 3,558,567 2,769 2,661
University of Durham 254 539,253 2,123 2,088
University of Edinburgh 295 785,656 2,663 2,618
University of Exeter 95 252,141 2,654 2,649
University of Glasgow 254 695,826 2,739 2,547
University of Gothenburg 105 258,773 2,465 2,750
University of Huddersfield 27 35,417 1,312 968
University of Hull 10 26,794 2,679 2,640
University of Leicester 64 171,209 2,675 2,604
University of Liverpool 328 826,050 2,518 2,527
University of Loughborough 123 262,460 2,134 2,192
University of Manchester 845 2,057,591 2,435 2,356
University of Newcastle 345 953,699 2,764 2,640
University of Nottingham 137 349,444 2,551 2,597
University of Oxford 1,036 3,103,007 2,995 2,746
University of Portsmouth 6 13,412 2,235 2,652
University of Reading 230 529,529 2,302 2,313
University of Salford 5 13,547 2,709 2,662
University of Sheffield 443 1,061,120 2,395 2,268
University of Southampton 146 386,920 2,650 2,499
University of St Andrews 117 259,582 2,219 2,165
University of Surrey 5 15,095 3,019 2,769
University of Sussex 97 236,396 2,437 2,335
University of Warwick 263 668,770 2,543 2,573
University of York 148 366,141 2,474 2,389
Uppsala University 23 47,629 2,071 2,132
Virginia Tech 14 20,480 1,463 1,256
Wellcome Trust 2,957 7,629,551 2,580 2,565

Use of external sources

External sources were used to compile the dataset. This allows for disambiguated information on publishers and journals in order to make cost data comparable. Shared identifiers for publications (e.g. PMID) are provided as well.

Source variable description
CrossRef publisher Title of Publisher
CrossRef journal_full_title Full Title of Journal
CrossRef issn International Standard Serial Numbers (collapsed)
CrossRef issn_print ISSN print
CrossRef issn_electronic ISSN electronic
CrossRef license_ref License of the article
CrossRef indexed_in_crossref Is the article metadata registered with CrossRef? (logical)
ISSN International Centre issn_l Linking ISSN
EuropePMC pmid PubMed ID
EuropePMC pmcid PubMed Central ID
Web of Science ut Web of Science record ID
DOAJ doaj Is the journal indexed in the DOAJ? (logical)

Sample Visualisations

Distribution over publishers by university

plot of chunk uni_publisher

Comparing fees paid by university and research institution

plot of chunk box_all

Average fees paid by publisher

plot of chunk box_publisher

Average fees Max Planck Digital Library paid for Springer Open Access articles by year

plot of chunk box_mpdl_springer

For more examples see also http://openapc.github.io/openapc-de/

How to contribute?

In collaboration with the DINI working group Electronic Publishing, a wiki page(in German) explains all the steps required. Meeting and telephone conferences are documented as well:

License

The datasets are made available under the Open Database License: http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/1.0/. Any rights in individual contents of the database are licensed under the Database Contents License: http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/dbcl/1.0/

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License.

How to cite?

When citing this dataset, please indicate the release you are referring to. The releases also contain information on contributors relating to the respective release.

Please do not cite the master branch of the Github repository (https://github.com/OpenAPC/openapc-de/tree/master/), but use the release numbers/tags.

Bielefeld University Library archives a copy (including commit history). To cite:

{Contributors:} Datasets on fee-based Open Access publishing across German Institutions. Bielefeld University. 10.4119/UNIBI/UB.2014.18

Acknowledgement

This project follows Wellcome Trust example to share data on paid APCs. It recognises efforts from JISC and the ESAC initative to standardise APC reporting.

For data enrichment, sample visualisations and explorations we build on the work of rOpenSci and LibreCat/Catmandu.

Contributors

Benjamin Ahlborn, Chelsea Ambler, Magdalena Andrae, Jochen Apel, Hans-Georg Becker, Roland Bertelmann, Daniel Beucke, Peter Blume, Ute Blumtritt, Kim Braun, Christoph Broschinski, Dorothea Busjahn, Pablo de Castro, Amanda Cullin, Patrick Danowski, Gernot Deinzer, Julia Dickel, Andrea Dorner, Karin Eckert, Clemens Engelhardt, Inken Feldsien-Sudhaus, Fabian Franke, Claudia Frick, Agnes Geißelmann, Kai Karin Geschuhn, Uli Hahn, Kristina Hanig, Dominik Hell, Ulrich Herb, Ute Holzwarth, Christie Hurrell, Doris Jaeger, Najko Jahn, Alexandra Jobmann, Andreas Kennecke, Robert Kiley, Stephanie Kroiss, Gerrit Kuehle, Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Stuart Lawson, Kathrin Lucht-Roussel, Frank Lützenkirchen, Anna Marini, Anja Oberländer, Vitali Peil, Dirk Pieper, Tobias Pohlmann, Markus Putnings, Annette Scheiner, Michael Schlachter, Birgit Schlegel, Adriana Sikora, Matti Stöhr, Edith Reschke, Katharina Rieck, Florian Ruckelshausen, Ilka Rudolf, Marco Tullney, Astrid Vieler, Viola Voß, Marco Winkler, Sabine Witt, Philip Young

Contact

For bugs, feature requests and other issues, please submit an issue via Github.

For general comments, email openapc at uni-bielefeld.de

Disclaimer

People, who are looking for “Open Advanced Process Control Software” for automation, visualization and process control tasks from home control up to industrial automation, please follow http://www.openapc.com (2015-09-30)