About

The aim of this repository is:

  • to release datasets on fees paid for Open Access journal articles by Universities and Research Society Funds under an Open Database License
  • to demonstrate how reporting on fee-based Open Access publishing can be made more transparent and reproducible across institutions.

Participating German Universities

So far, the following German universities have agreed to share information on paid author processing charges (APC):

Participating Research Society Funds in Germany

Dataset on funds that are supported by research societies under its Open-Access Publishing Programme.

Participating Research Organizations:

The data content covers APCs as paid for by our central budget for the Max Planck Society (MPS). APCs funded locally by Max Planck Institutes are not part of this data set. The MPS has a limited input tax reduction. The refund of input VAT for APC is 20%. Until the end of 2007 the MPS was VAT exempt.

Participating Austrian Institutions

Participating Italian Institutions

Participating Spanish Institutions:

Participating Institutions from the United Kingdom:

Jisc Collections released data on APC payments made by UK higher education institutions (HEIs):

  • Aston University
  • Bangor University
  • Cardiff University
  • Cranfield University
  • Durham University
  • Imperial College London
  • Institute of Cancer Research (ICR)
  • King’s College London
  • Loughborough University
  • London School of Economics (LSE)
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
  • Newcastle University
  • Northumbria University
  • Plymouth University
  • Queen Mary University of London
  • Queen’s University Belfast
  • Royal Holloway, University of London
  • Swansea University
  • University College London (UCL)
  • University of Aberdeen
  • University of Bath
  • University of Birmingham
  • University of Bristol
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Huddersfield
  • University of Hull
  • University of Leicester
  • University of Liverpool
  • University of Manchester
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Portsmouth
  • University of Reading
  • University of Salford
  • University of Sheffield
  • University of Surrey
  • University of Sussex
  • University of St Andrews
  • University of Warwick
  • University of York

Participating Institutions from the United States:

Participating Canadian Institutions:

Supranational participants

  • OpenAIRE (FP7 Post-Grant Open Access Pilot)

Dataset

Information on both open access journal articles and open access publication of articles in toll-access journals (“hybrid”) are provided.

In total, 65 784 281 € for 34 891 articles were paid by the participating unviversities. Average fee is 1 885.4 € and the median 1 677 €.

Open Access Journals

At the moment, the dataset releases information on 19 886 articles in open access journals which charge publication fees. Total expenditure amounts to 28 480 750 €. Average fee is 1 432.2 € and the median 1 363 €.

View dataset on GitHub.

  Articles Fees paid in EURO Mean Fee paid Median
Aston University 12 27,424 2,285 1,793
Bamberg U 36 39,450 1,096 1,116
Bangor University 10 17,110 1,711 1,814
Bayreuth U 92 105,725 1,149 1,200
Bielefeld U 348 437,899 1,258 1,276
Bochum U 130 188,000 1,446 1,510
Bremen U 299 389,718 1,303 1,285
Cardiff University 55 98,083 1,783 1,638
Cranfield University 5 6,557 1,311 1,688
Dortmund TU 38 39,184 1,031 962
Duisburg-Essen U 192 247,364 1,288 1,240
Durham University 25 39,412 1,576 1,489
Erlangen Nuernberg U 401 550,174 1,372 1,424
Freiburg U 623 871,696 1,399 1,449
FU Berlin 187 255,545 1,367 1,410
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 755 1,062,484 1,407 1,275
FZJ - ZB 158 196,869 1,246 1,177
GFZ-Potsdam 126 148,862 1,181 1,082
Giessen U 415 590,189 1,422 1,346
Goettingen U 650 883,918 1,360 1,354
Hamburg TUHH 28 38,431 1,373 1,418
Hannover U 100 127,965 1,280 1,257
Harvard U 94 82,722 880 796
Heidelberg U 396 586,179 1,480 1,614
HZDR 32 48,303 1,509 1,170
ICR 13 27,313 2,101 1,638
Imperial College London 375 757,675 2,020 1,655
INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien 5 5,744 1,149 1,305
IPN 4 3,909 977 479
IST Austria 6 9,400 1,567 1,556
JGU Mainz 216 304,319 1,409 1,383
Kassel U 55 59,511 1,082 1,129
King’s College London 61 126,369 2,072 1,642
KIT 542 705,673 1,302 1,340
Konstanz U 286 422,405 1,477 1,452
Leibniz-Fonds 143 242,308 1,694 1,590
Leipzig U 270 386,841 1,433 1,504
Loughborough University 1 980 980 980
LSE NA NA NA NA
LSHTM 81 134,194 1,657 1,675
MDC 69 137,459 1,992 1,483
Milano U 59 90,625 1,536 1,483
MPG 3,138 4,095,779 1,305 1,189
Muenchen LMU 407 533,749 1,311 1,342
Münster U 325 381,287 1,173 1,159
Newcastle University 51 91,101 1,786 1,385
Northumbria University 22 55,286 2,513 1,638
Oldenburg U 78 89,818 1,152 1,264
OpenAIRE 544 789,670 1,452 1,413
Plymouth University 8 9,936 1,242 1,220
Potsdam U 60 87,242 1,454 1,476
Queen Mary, University of London 36 47,197 1,311 1,233
Queen’s University Belfast 68 105,959 1,558 1,553
Regensburg U 484 652,522 1,348 1,254
Royal Holloway 9 12,714 1,413 1,244
Swansea University 25 43,634 1,745 1,346
TIB 1 1,619 1,619 1,619
TiHo Hannover 67 88,367 1,319 1,396
TU Chemnitz 55 60,695 1,104 1,374
TU Clausthal 8 6,999 875 918
TU Dresden 195 274,112 1,406 1,449
TU Ilmenau 26 31,545 1,213 1,408
TU Muenchen 551 713,150 1,294 1,439
TU Wien 23 32,403 1,409 1,323
Tuebingen U 411 548,124 1,334 1,346
UCL 888 1,407,377 1,585 1,497
UFZ 40 42,186 1,055 979
Ulm U 109 156,709 1,438 1,408
Universitat de Barcelona 285 247,174 867 811
University of Aberdeen 10 18,673 1,867 1,631
University of Bath 21 30,539 1,454 1,257
University of Birmingham 235 398,954 1,698 1,638
University of Bristol 193 343,251 1,778 1,638
University of Calgary 884 993,823 1,124 1,145
University of Cambridge 190 371,704 1,956 1,814
University of Glasgow 25 39,711 1,588 1,454
University of Huddersfield 3 3,570 1,190 1,260
University of Hull 3 4,417 1,472 1,638
University of Leicester 23 39,034 1,697 1,638
University of Liverpool 46 87,870 1,910 1,798
University of Manchester 75 149,380 1,992 1,650
University of Oxford 146 275,670 1,888 1,638
University of Portsmouth 5 7,706 1,541 1,354
University of Reading 24 38,180 1,591 1,562
University of Salford 4 5,690 1,423 1,468
University of Sheffield 47 74,948 1,595 1,547
University of St Andrews 46 85,327 1,855 1,638
University of Surrey 3 4,773 1,591 1,638
University of Sussex 13 26,551 2,042 1,253
University of Warwick 73 146,418 2,006 1,641
University of York 31 57,720 1,862 1,638
Virginia Tech 153 165,423 1,081 1,216
Wellcome Trust 1,764 3,262,045 1,849 1,628
Wuerzburg U 562 749,032 1,333 1,309

Hybrid articles

In many toll-access journals some of the articles are open access after a fee has been paid. This model is often called “hybrid open access”. The dataset covers 15 005 hybrid open access articles. Total expenditure amounts to 37 303 531 €. Average fee is 2 486.1 € and the median 2 469 €.

The following institutions have contributed its expenditures for hybrid open access.

  Articles Fees paid in EURO Mean Fee paid Median
Aston University 46 104,652 2,275 2,306
Bangor University 26 71,011 2,731 2,656
Cardiff University 252 665,843 2,642 2,670
Cranfield University 27 77,790 2,881 2,812
Dortmund TU 1 1,581 1,581 1,581
Duisburg-Essen U 3 7,854 2,618 2,618
Durham University 145 301,759 2,081 1,999
Erlangen Nuernberg U 1 1,638 1,638 1,638
FU Berlin 1 1,500 1,500 1,500
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 2,558 6,124,811 2,394 2,516
GFZ-Potsdam 5 10,756 2,151 2,190
Hannover U 2 2,646 1,323 1,323
HZDR 20 11,880 594 570
ICR 37 115,982 3,135 2,812
Imperial College London 875 2,291,595 2,619 2,630
INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien 9 27,020 3,002 3,213
IPN 22 53,603 2,437 2,558
King’s College London 220 626,732 2,849 2,791
KIT 1 2,000 2,000 2,000
Konstanz U 1 1,950 1,950 1,950
Loughborough University 112 247,227 2,207 2,193
LSE 4 5,908 1,477 1,354
LSHTM 124 327,879 2,644 2,599
MDC 27 67,002 2,482 2,200
Milano U 9 15,735 1,748 1,969
MPG 2 1,558 779 779
Newcastle University 188 475,237 2,528 2,593
Northumbria University 38 75,542 1,988 1,685
Plymouth University 15 33,827 2,255 2,209
Queen Mary, University of London 96 233,114 2,428 2,384
Queen’s University Belfast 31 81,071 2,615 2,585
Royal Holloway 12 25,362 2,114 2,068
Swansea University 80 192,374 2,405 2,432
TiHo Hannover 7 11,334 1,619 1,435
TU Chemnitz 1 100 100 100
UCL 2,033 4,297,199 2,114 1,926
Ulm U 16 33,672 2,104 2,319
University of Aberdeen 14 37,817 2,701 2,676
University of Bath 80 158,747 1,984 1,920
University of Birmingham 427 1,011,295 2,368 2,397
University of Bristol 534 1,326,923 2,485 2,351
University of Calgary 45 91,902 2,042 2,184
University of Cambridge 675 1,811,016 2,683 2,614
University of Glasgow 89 214,824 2,414 2,323
University of Huddersfield 26 33,228 1,278 982
University of Hull 7 22,365 3,195 3,134
University of Leicester 42 115,162 2,742 2,585
University of Liverpool 71 189,196 2,665 2,669
University of Manchester 370 966,466 2,612 2,582
University of Oxford 391 1,199,179 3,067 2,804
University of Portsmouth 6 13,419 2,236 2,653
University of Reading 160 373,528 2,335 2,241
University of Salford 5 13,267 2,653 2,663
University of Sheffield 196 467,242 2,384 2,234
University of St Andrews 65 145,846 2,244 2,211
University of Surrey 5 15,253 3,051 2,807
University of Sussex 25 59,454 2,378 2,327
University of Warwick 263 666,536 2,534 2,585
University of York 57 155,382 2,726 2,662
Virginia Tech 14 20,480 1,463 1,256
Wellcome Trust 4,391 11,568,258 2,635 2,565

Use of external sources

External sources were used to compile the dataset. This allows for disambiguated information on publishers and journals in order to make cost data comparable. Shared identifiers for publications (e.g. PMID) are provided as well.

Source variable description
CrossRef publisher Title of Publisher
CrossRef journal_full_title Full Title of Journal
CrossRef issn International Standard Serial Numbers (collapsed)
CrossRef issn_print ISSN print
CrossRef issn_electronic ISSN electronic
CrossRef license_ref License of the article
CrossRef indexed_in_crossref Is the article metadata registered with CrossRef? (logical)
ISSN International Centre issn_l Linking ISSN
EuropePMC pmid PubMed ID
EuropePMC pmcid PubMed Central ID
Web of Science ut Web of Science record ID
DOAJ doaj Is the journal indexed in the DOAJ? (logical)

Sample Visualisations

Distribution over publishers by university

plot of chunk uni_publisher

Comparing fees paid by university and research institution

plot of chunk box_all

Average fees paid by publisher

plot of chunk box_publisher

Average fees Max Planck Digital Library paid for Springer Open Access articles by year

plot of chunk box_mpdl_springer

For more examples see also http://openapc.github.io/openapc-de/

How to contribute?

In collaboration with the DINI working group Electronic Publishing, a wiki page(in German) explains all the steps required. Meeting and telephone conferences are documented as well:

License

The datasets are made available under the Open Database License: http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/1.0/. Any rights in individual contents of the database are licensed under the Database Contents License: http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/dbcl/1.0/

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License.

How to cite?

When citing this dataset, please indicate the release you are referring to. The releases also contain information on contributors relating to the respective release.

Please do not cite the master branch of the Github repository (https://github.com/OpenAPC/openapc-de/tree/master/), but use the release numbers/tags.

Bielefeld University Library archives a copy (including commit history). To cite:

{Contributors:} Datasets on fee-based Open Access publishing across German Institutions. Bielefeld University. 10.4119/UNIBI/UB.2014.18

Acknowledgement

This project follows Wellcome Trust example to share data on paid APCs. It recognises efforts from JISC and the ESAC initative to standardise APC reporting.

For data enrichment, sample visualisations and explorations we build on the work of rOpenSci and LibreCat/Catmandu.

Contributors

Benjamin Ahlborn, Chelsea Ambler, Magdalena Andrae, Jochen Apel, Hans-Georg Becker, Roland Bertelmann, Daniel Beucke, Peter Blume, Ute Blumtritt, Kim Braun, Christoph Broschinski, Dorothea Busjahn, Pablo de Castro, Amanda Cullin, Patrick Danowski, Gernot Deinzer, Julia Dickel, Andrea Dorner, Karin Eckert, Clemens Engelhardt, Inken Feldsien-Sudhaus, Fabian Franke, Claudia Frick, Agnes Geißelmann, Kai Karin Geschuhn, Uli Hahn, Kristina Hanig, Dominik Hell, Ulrich Herb, Ute Holzwarth, Christie Hurrell, Doris Jaeger, Najko Jahn, Alexandra Jobmann, Andreas Kennecke, Robert Kiley, Stephanie Kroiss, Gerrit Kuehle, Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Stuart Lawson, Kathrin Lucht-Roussel, Frank Lützenkirchen, Anna Marini, Anja Oberländer, Vitali Peil, Dirk Pieper, Tobias Pohlmann, Markus Putnings, Annette Scheiner, Michael Schlachter, Birgit Schlegel, Adriana Sikora, Matti Stöhr, Edith Reschke, Katharina Rieck, Florian Ruckelshausen, Ilka Rudolf, Marco Tullney, Astrid Vieler, Viola Voß, Marco Winkler, Sabine Witt, Philip Young

Contact

For bugs, feature requests and other issues, please submit an issue via Github.

For general comments, email openapc at uni-bielefeld.de

Disclaimer

People, who are looking for “Open Advanced Process Control Software” for automation, visualization and process control tasks from home control up to industrial automation, please follow http://www.openapc.com (2015-09-30)