About

The aim of this repository is:

  • to release datasets on fees paid for Open Access journal articles by Universities and Research Society Funds under an Open Database License
  • to demonstrate how reporting on fee-based Open Access publishing can be made more transparent and reproducible across institutions.

Participating German Universities

So far, the following German universities have agreed to share information on paid author processing charges (APC):

Participating Research Society Funds in Germany

Dataset on funds that are supported by research societies under its Open-Access Publishing Programme.

Participating Research Organizations:

The data content covers APCs as paid for by our central budget for the Max Planck Society (MPS). APCs funded locally by Max Planck Institutes are not part of this data set. The MPS has a limited input tax reduction. The refund of input VAT for APC is 20%. Until the end of 2007 the MPS was VAT exempt.

Other German Research Institutions

Participating Austrian Institutions

Participating Swiss Institutions

Participating Italian Institutions

Institutions from Norway:

  • Akershus University Hospital
  • BI Norwegian Business School
  • Bergen University College
  • Fridtjof Nansen Institute
  • GenØk - Centre for Biosafety
  • Harstad University College
  • Innlandet Hospital Trust
  • Institute of Marine Research
  • Molde University College
  • NILU - Norwegian Institute for Air Research
  • Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
  • Nord University
  • Norwegian Center for Studies on Violence and Traumatic Stress
  • Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research
  • Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
  • Norwegian Institute of Public Health
  • Norwegian Institute of Water Research
  • Norwegian School of Sport Sciences
  • Norwegian University of Life Sciences
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • Oslo University Hospital
  • Oslo and Akershus university college
  • SINTEF (Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research)
  • Sørlandet Hospital Trust
  • Uni Research
  • University College of Southeast Norway
  • University of Agder
  • University of Bergen
  • University of Oslo
  • University of Stavanger
  • University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway
  • Vestfold Hospital Trust
  • Vestre Viken Hospital Trust

Participating Spanish Institutions:

Institutions from Sweden (via Open APC Sweden):

  • Chalmers University of Technology
  • Dalarna University
  • Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences
  • University of Gothenburg
  • University of Borås
  • University of Skövde
  • University West
  • Karlstad University
  • Karolinska Institutet
  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Linköping University
  • Linnaeus University
  • Luleå University of Technology
  • Lund University
  • Malmö University
  • Örebro University
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Södertörns University
  • Stockholm University
  • Umeå University
  • Uppsala University

Institutions from Finland:

Institutions from France

The Couperin consortium aggregates data on APC expenditures made by institutions in France:

  • Aix-Marseille Université
  • Université d’Angers
  • Université de Bordeaux
  • Université de Bourgogne
  • Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD)
  • Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)
  • Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA)
  • Ecole normale supérieure de Paris
  • École supérieure de physique et de chimie industrielles de la Ville de Paris (ESPCI)
  • Hospices Civils de Lyon
  • Université Grenoble Alpes
  • Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD)
  • Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l’aménagement et des réseaux (IFSTTAR)
  • Institut national de recherche en informatique et en automatique (INRIA)
  • Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA)
  • Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l’environnement et l’agriculture (IRSTEA)
  • Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM)
  • Institut national polytechnique de Toulouse (INPT)
  • MINES ParisTech
  • Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle
  • Université d’Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse
  • Université de Caen Normandie
  • Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
  • Université Clermont Auvergne
  • Université Technologique de Compiègne
  • Université Evry Val-d’Essonne
  • Université de Franche-Comté
  • Université de La Rochelle
  • Université Lille 1
  • Université Lille 2
  • Université de Montpellier
  • Université de Lorraine
  • Université de Nantes
  • Université Nice-Sophia-Antipolis
  • Université de Poitiers
  • Université de Rennes 1
  • Université de La Réunion
  • Université de Strasbourg
  • Université de Toulon
  • Université Toulouse III
  • Université Paris Descartes (Paris V)
  • Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI)
  • Université Paris Diderot (Paris VII)

Participating Institutions from the United Kingdom:

Jisc Collections released data on APC payments made by UK higher education institutions (HEIs):

  • Aberystwyth University
  • Aston University
  • Bangor University
  • Brunel University
  • Cardiff University
  • Cranfield University
  • Edinburgh Napier University
  • Glasgow Caledonian University
  • Goldsmiths
  • Heriot-Watt University
  • Imperial College London
  • Institute of Cancer Research (ICR)
  • Keele University
  • King’s College London
  • Leeds Beckett University
  • Liverpool John Moores University
  • Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
  • London School of Economics (LSE)
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
  • Lancaster University
  • Manchester Metropolitan University
  • Northumbria University
  • Plymouth University
  • Queen Mary, University of London
  • Queen’s University Belfast
  • Royal Holloway
  • St George’s, University of London
  • Swansea University
  • The Open University
  • University College London (UCL)
  • University of Aberdeen
  • University of Bath
  • University of Birmingham
  • University of Bristol
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Dundee
  • University of Durham
  • University of East Anglia
  • University of Edinburgh
  • University of Exeter
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Huddersfield
  • University of Hull
  • University of Kent
  • University of Leeds
  • University of Leicester
  • University of Liverpool
  • University of Loughborough
  • University of Manchester
  • University of Newcastle
  • University of Nottingham
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Portsmouth
  • University of Reading
  • University of Salford
  • University of Sheffield
  • University of Southampton
  • University of St Andrews
  • University of Strathclyde
  • University of Surrey
  • University of Sussex
  • University of the West of England
  • University of Ulster
  • University of Warwick
  • University of York

Participating Institutions from the Czech Republic:

Participating Institutions from Hungary

Participating Institutions from Serbia

Participating Institutions from the United States:

Participating Canadian Institutions:

Participating Institutions from Qatar:

Supranational participants

  • OpenAIRE (FP7 Post-Grant Open Access Pilot)

Dataset

Information on both open access journal articles and open access publication of articles in toll-access journals (“hybrid”) are provided.

In total, 195 152 601 € for 98 575 articles were paid by the participating unviversities. Average fee is 1 979.7 € and the median 1 783 €.

Open Access Journals

At the moment, the dataset releases information on 56 738 articles in open access journals which charge publication fees. Total expenditure amounts to 90 563 440 €. Average fee is 1 596.2 € and the median 1 503 €.

View dataset on GitHub.

  Articles Fees paid in EURO Mean Fee paid Median
Aberystwyth University 74 145,045 1,960 1,844
Aix-Marseille Université 406 568,668 1,401 1,276
Akershus University Hospital 11 15,680 1,425 1,290
Aston University 36 70,678 1,963 1,700
Bamberg U 58 64,419 1,111 1,231
Bangor University 20 33,800 1,690 1,572
Bayreuth U 211 255,626 1,212 1,266
Bergen University College 13 19,984 1,537 1,713
Bern University of Applied Sciences 11 16,386 1,490 1,364
BI Norwegian Business School 4 2,761 690 724
Bielefeld U 649 885,087 1,364 1,396
Bochum U 305 459,765 1,507 1,576
Bremen U 634 946,703 1,493 1,428
Brunel University 214 293,529 1,372 1,341
Cardiff University 507 929,040 1,832 1,643
Chalmers University of Technology 6 5,817 970 1,012
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin 235 386,319 1,644 1,656
Charles University 434 605,334 1,395 1,493
CIRAD 78 119,540 1,533 1,507
CNRS 1,479 2,367,891 1,601 1,368
Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA) 75 135,506 1,807 1,538
Cranfield University 26 40,286 1,549 1,370
Dalarna University 50 70,423 1,408 1,493
Dortmund TU 82 102,584 1,251 1,391
Duisburg-Essen U 235 320,066 1,362 1,276
Ecole normale supérieure de Paris 16 35,538 2,221 2,027
Edinburgh Napier University 4 6,222 1,556 1,297
Erlangen Nuernberg U 919 1,345,913 1,465 1,542
ESPCI Paris 10 18,132 1,813 1,404
Frankfurt U 175 302,577 1,729 1,630
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Publishing Fund 94 123,235 1,311 1,323
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano 11 8,709 792 561
Freiburg U 949 1,380,528 1,455 1,525
Fridtjof Nansen Institute 4 5,062 1,265 1,303
FU Berlin 410 604,491 1,474 1,570
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 1,797 3,060,336 1,703 1,566
FZJ - ZB 569 794,874 1,397 1,302
GenØk - Centre for Biosafety 5 5,295 1,059 1,109
GEOMAR 151 269,463 1,785 1,490
GFZ-Potsdam 274 394,666 1,440 1,348
Giessen U 655 990,314 1,512 1,503
GIGA NA NA NA NA
Glasgow Caledonian University 3 4,732 1,577 1,867
Goettingen U 1,326 1,953,026 1,473 1,468
Goldsmiths 13 21,491 1,653 1,519
Greifswald U 15 21,880 1,459 1,588
Hamburg TUHH 66 93,538 1,417 1,498
Hanken School of Economics 1 1,557 1,557 1,557
Hannover U 214 294,035 1,374 1,459
Harstad University College 2 2,024 1,012 1,012
Harvard U 94 82,722 880 796
Heidelberg U 1,139 1,737,390 1,525 1,658
Heriot-Watt University 58 135,986 2,345 2,174
Hospices Civils de Lyon 10 16,128 1,613 1,554
HU Berlin 24 38,443 1,602 1,731
HZDR 113 158,572 1,403 1,285
IFSTTAR 11 11,320 1,029 855
Imperial College London 1,197 2,346,549 1,960 1,646
Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) 114 166,599 1,461 1,362
INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien 5 5,744 1,149 1,305
Innlandet Hospital Trust 3 5,174 1,725 1,917
INRA 124 202,035 1,629 1,405
INRIA 77 118,761 1,542 1,538
INSERM 932 1,688,754 1,812 1,500
Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) 65 87,702 1,349 1,316
Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung 1 1,076 1,076 1,076
Institut national polytechnique de Toulouse 10 12,710 1,271 1,170
Institute of Cancer Research 20 43,133 2,157 1,673
Institute of Marine Research 14 20,153 1,440 1,404
IPN - Leibniz Kiel 13 14,201 1,092 1,092
IRSTEA 21 27,516 1,310 1,495
IST Austria 28 72,505 2,589 1,989
JGU Mainz 536 767,445 1,432 1,479
Jyväskylä U 26 42,283 1,626 1,569
Karlstad University 51 57,319 1,124 1,157
Karolinska Institutet 8 5,073 634 755
Kassel U 130 145,386 1,118 1,105
Keele University 19 31,431 1,654 1,644
King’s College London 589 1,210,026 2,054 1,642
KIT 833 1,136,712 1,365 1,386
Konstanz U 345 524,743 1,521 1,506
KTH Royal Institute of Technology 210 255,437 1,216 1,181
Lancaster University 65 102,557 1,578 1,492
Laurea University of Applied Sciences NA NA NA NA
Leeds Beckett University 8 12,927 1,616 1,461
Leibniz-Fonds 271 435,042 1,605 1,572
Leibniz-IGB 20 27,570 1,379 1,096
Leipzig U 566 834,928 1,475 1,568
Linköping University 319 504,136 1,580 1,423
Linnaeus University 51 77,058 1,511 1,424
Liverpool John Moores University 2 1,815 908 908
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine 52 88,727 1,706 1,636
London South Bank University 18 24,051 1,336 1,470
LSE 22 39,166 1,780 1,791
LSHTM 44 65,024 1,478 1,503
Luleå University of Technology 123 138,566 1,127 1,185
Lund University 24 32,295 1,346 1,410
Malmö University 61 71,294 1,169 1,305
Manchester Metropolitan University 33 59,371 1,799 1,646
Mannheim U 16 27,795 1,737 1,971
Marburg U 148 240,888 1,628 1,673
MDC 127 272,861 2,149 1,936
Milano U 389 563,340 1,448 1,483
Mines ParisTech 1 1,260 1,260 1,260
MLU Halle-Wittenberg 77 143,472 1,863 1,713
Molde University College 3 1,876 625 584
MPG 3,674 4,987,088 1,357 1,207
Muenchen LMU 558 792,468 1,420 1,471
Münster U 467 596,568 1,277 1,230
Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle 10 13,753 1,375 1,307
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center 6 5,298 883 775
NILU - Norwegian Institute for Air Research 14 20,647 1,475 1,441
Nord University 12 14,974 1,248 1,126
Northumbria University 57 96,627 1,695 1,581
Norwegian Center for Studies on Violence and Traumatic Stress 5 4,605 921 953
Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research 2 2,389 1,194 1,194
Norwegian Institute for Nature Research 18 23,241 1,291 1,264
Norwegian Institute of Public Health 63 84,324 1,338 1,418
Norwegian Institute of Water Research 2 1,813 906 906
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences 2 1,568 784 784
Norwegian University of Life Sciences 53 72,307 1,364 1,449
Norwegian University of Science and Technology 115 162,119 1,410 1,420
Oldenburg U 362 496,534 1,372 1,440
OpenAIRE 536 776,905 1,449 1,411
Örebro University 93 128,190 1,378 1,350
Oslo and Akershus university college 36 45,728 1,270 1,252
Oslo University Hospital 111 149,777 1,349 1,392
Osnabrück U 95 138,141 1,454 1,553
Oxford Brookes University 7 12,440 1,777 1,960
Passau U 6 6,816 1,136 1,122
PIK-Potsdam 48 80,429 1,676 1,539
Plymouth University 37 60,367 1,632 1,505
Potsdam U 173 253,313 1,464 1,531
Qatar National Library 30 49,771 1,659 1,411
Queen Mary, University of London 106 204,509 1,929 1,594
Queen’s University Belfast 320 504,471 1,576 1,377
Regensburg U 870 1,338,144 1,538 1,525
Rhode Island U 27 27,835 1,031 1,068
Rostock U 140 183,565 1,311 1,421
Royal Holloway 12 20,914 1,743 1,512
Salzburg U 67 94,918 1,417 1,398
SINTEF 3 3,633 1,211 1,176
SOAS 1 1,197 1,197 1,197
Södertörns University 7 6,111 873 900
Sørlandet Hospital Trust 5 8,453 1,691 1,667
St George’s, University of London 19 36,284 1,910 1,862
Stockholm University 468 713,959 1,526 1,350
Stuttgart U 272 342,537 1,259 1,305
Swansea University 73 125,868 1,724 1,494
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences 8 13,276 1,660 1,422
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 590 791,488 1,342 1,338
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) 643 1,288,583 2,004 1,603
Tampere University 56 79,937 1,427 1,445
TH Wildau 12 14,275 1,190 1,288
The Open University 8 16,623 2,078 1,856
TIB 1 1,619 1,619 1,619
TiHo Hannover 218 315,780 1,449 1,428
Trier U 26 40,483 1,557 1,572
TU Berlin 90 118,840 1,320 1,382
TU Braunschweig 97 116,277 1,199 1,232
TU Chemnitz 98 113,365 1,157 1,249
TU Clausthal 31 33,085 1,067 1,044
TU Darmstadt 75 92,365 1,232 1,307
TU Dresden 548 684,661 1,249 1,386
TU Ilmenau 55 66,566 1,210 1,285
TU Muenchen 1,224 1,663,430 1,359 1,479
TU Wien 79 106,006 1,342 1,333
Tuebingen U 789 1,114,397 1,412 1,442
UCL 3,255 5,653,255 1,737 1,594
UFZ 145 187,249 1,291 1,270
Ulm U 314 516,999 1,646 1,569
Umeå University 10 10,604 1,060 755
Uni Research 19 28,070 1,477 1,474
Universitat de Barcelona 464 443,269 955 899
Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 30 57,493 1,916 1,723
Université Clermont Auvergne 81 134,931 1,666 1,370
Université d’Angers 8 11,313 1,414 1,779
Université d’Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse 5 5,930 1,186 1,350
Université de Bordeaux 71 105,784 1,490 1,347
Université de Bourgogne 29 46,606 1,607 1,534
Université de Caen Normandie 32 41,815 1,307 1,350
Université de Franche-Comté 18 21,696 1,205 1,184
Université de La Réunion 23 32,398 1,409 1,389
Université de La Rochelle 2 3,905 1,952 1,952
Université de Lorraine 186 221,305 1,190 1,183
Université de Montpellier 22 37,534 1,706 1,783
Université de Nantes 24 36,474 1,520 1,495
Université de Poitiers 7 9,691 1,384 1,099
Université de Rennes 1 50 64,456 1,289 1,305
Université de Strasbourg 37 67,942 1,836 1,600
Université de Toulon 7 11,703 1,672 1,495
Université Evry Val-d’Essonne 2 4,237 2,118 2,118
Université Grenoble Alpes 9 10,378 1,153 1,165
Université Lille 1 11 15,099 1,373 1,266
Université Lille 2 38 55,024 1,448 1,351
Université Nice-Sophia-Antipolis 10 11,552 1,155 1,305
Université Paris Descartes (Paris V) 35 47,757 1,364 1,301
Université Paris Diderot (Paris VII) 46 75,507 1,641 1,398
Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) 95 157,421 1,657 1,483
Université Technologique de Compiègne 3 2,738 913 1,055
Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier 44 71,556 1,626 1,348
University College of Southeast Norway 19 19,107 1,006 907
University of Aberdeen 57 114,581 2,010 1,848
University of Agder 62 42,571 687 536
University of Bath 92 163,360 1,776 1,574
University of Belgrade 34 30,328 892 858
University of Bergen 156 242,308 1,553 1,549
University of Birmingham 944 1,654,675 1,753 1,594
University of Borås 14 18,377 1,313 1,310
University of Bristol 197 338,408 1,718 1,601
University of Calgary 883 993,318 1,125 1,145
University of Cambridge 1,173 2,660,767 2,268 1,853
University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague 61 70,856 1,162 1,202
University of Debrecen 99 151,340 1,529 1,626
University of Dundee 113 237,120 2,098 1,784
University of Durham 79 152,778 1,934 1,698
University of East Anglia 29 47,521 1,639 1,535
University of Eastern Finland 122 168,063 1,378 1,454
University of Edinburgh 858 1,599,930 1,865 1,604
University of Exeter 261 517,932 1,984 1,595
University of Glasgow 280 568,844 2,032 1,673
University of Gothenburg 554 847,167 1,529 1,409
University of Huddersfield 26 34,920 1,343 1,532
University of Hull 15 22,353 1,490 1,437
University of Kent 21 42,591 2,028 1,573
University of Leeds 166 317,217 1,911 1,579
University of Leicester 52 86,831 1,670 1,652
University of Liverpool 491 870,406 1,773 1,655
University of Loughborough 42 61,958 1,475 1,573
University of Manchester 727 1,473,030 2,026 1,702
University of Newcastle 398 830,390 2,086 1,804
University of Nottingham 198 363,223 1,834 1,600
University of Oslo 218 339,354 1,557 1,522
University of Oxford 1,218 2,857,774 2,346 1,980
University of Portsmouth 6 8,489 1,415 1,303
University of Reading 190 305,651 1,609 1,561
University of Salford 4 5,714 1,429 1,480
University of Sheffield 257 456,203 1,775 1,535
University of Skövde 15 20,489 1,366 1,329
University of Southampton 278 515,110 1,853 1,595
University of St Andrews 222 422,657 1,904 1,551
University of Stavanger 1 709 709 709
University of Strathclyde 86 139,977 1,628 1,513
University of Surrey 15 26,803 1,787 1,349
University of Sussex 121 249,836 2,065 1,588
University of the West of England 12 15,905 1,325 1,102
University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway 179 252,462 1,410 1,523
University of Turku 177 305,318 1,725 1,618
University of Ulster 4 4,012 1,003 919
University of Warwick 74 146,885 1,985 1,639
University of York 259 469,684 1,813 1,588
University West 30 35,686 1,190 1,136
Uppsala University 616 964,880 1,566 1,415
Vestfold Hospital Trust 4 6,134 1,533 1,532
Vestre Viken Hospital Trust 4 5,796 1,449 1,555
Virginia Tech 304 329,478 1,084 1,224
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics NA NA NA NA
Wellcome Trust 1,850 3,676,969 1,988 1,687
Wuerzburg U 813 1,162,219 1,430 1,476

Hybrid articles

In many toll-access journals some of the articles are open access after a fee has been paid. This model is often called “hybrid open access”. The dataset covers 41 837 hybrid open access articles. Total expenditure amounts to 104 589 160 €. Average fee is 2 499.9 € and the median 2 454 €.

The following institutions have contributed its expenditures for hybrid open access.

  Articles Fees paid in EURO Mean Fee paid Median
Aberystwyth University 49 106,962 2,183 2,439
Aix-Marseille Université 42 103,687 2,469 2,430
Aston University 97 214,016 2,206 2,237
Bangor University 40 108,131 2,703 2,706
Bergen University College 1 503 503 503
Bern University of Applied Sciences 2 5,160 2,580 2,580
Brunel University 415 895,868 2,159 2,224
Cardiff University 1,044 2,591,509 2,482 2,545
Chalmers University of Technology 7 16,723 2,389 2,429
Charles University 55 112,032 2,037 2,271
CIRAD 24 44,290 1,845 2,200
CNRS 250 561,237 2,245 2,200
Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA) 12 28,769 2,397 2,640
Cranfield University 131 377,858 2,884 3,231
Dalarna University 40 95,962 2,399 2,435
Dortmund TU 1 1,581 1,581 1,581
Duisburg-Essen U 9 23,845 2,649 2,618
Ecole normale supérieure de Paris 4 17,077 4,269 2,909
Edinburgh Napier University 1 3,155 3,155 3,155
Erlangen Nuernberg U 1 1,638 1,638 1,638
ESPCI Paris 3 5,574 1,858 2,160
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano 12 26,122 2,177 2,396
FU Berlin 2 3,285 1,643 1,643
FWF - Austrian Science Fund 4,197 10,385,212 2,474 2,618
FZJ - ZB 127 261,027 2,055 2,000
GenØk - Centre for Biosafety 2 3,650 1,825 1,825
GEOMAR 56 134,700 2,405 2,480
GFZ-Potsdam 28 71,355 2,548 2,633
GIGA 21 49,204 2,343 2,463
Glasgow Caledonian University 4 13,215 3,304 3,382
Goldsmiths 9 22,312 2,479 2,281
Hanken School of Economics 5 4,223 845 494
Hannover U 4 5,824 1,456 1,398
Heriot-Watt University 62 147,648 2,381 2,394
Hospices Civils de Lyon 5 13,159 2,632 2,640
HU Berlin 22 15,929 724 677
HZDR 7 11,538 1,648 1,755
Imperial College London 1,786 4,903,130 2,745 2,675
Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) 2 3,019 1,509 1,509
INM - Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien 9 27,020 3,002 3,213
INRA 24 54,829 2,285 2,316
INRIA 6 10,941 1,823 1,865
INSERM 145 339,548 2,342 2,350
Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) 5 6,375 1,275 440
Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung 10 25,816 2,582 2,618
Institute of Cancer Research 67 206,220 3,078 2,811
IPN - Leibniz Kiel 54 123,170 2,281 2,388
IST Austria 12 33,408 2,784 2,871
JGU Mainz 1 1,792 1,792 1,792
Jyväskylä U 31 32,655 1,053 860
Karlstad University 41 73,663 1,797 1,738
Karolinska Institutet 24 37,567 1,565 1,774
Keele University 25 65,045 2,602 2,644
King’s College London 1,233 3,354,770 2,721 2,648
KIT 1 2,000 2,000 2,000
Konstanz U 3 5,556 1,852 1,950
KTH Royal Institute of Technology 171 320,662 1,875 1,848
Lancaster University 188 386,186 2,054 1,998
Laurea University of Applied Sciences 3 3,430 1,143 810
Leeds Beckett University 2 4,288 2,144 2,144
Leibniz-IGB 7 14,513 2,073 2,200
Linköping University 95 201,723 2,123 2,150
Linnaeus University 28 58,518 2,090 2,099
Liverpool John Moores University 2 6,793 3,396 3,396
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine 33 91,829 2,783 2,945
London South Bank University 1 2,459 2,459 2,459
LSE 110 234,968 2,136 1,963
LSHTM 79 199,854 2,530 2,287
Luleå University of Technology 61 125,485 2,057 2,260
Lund University 39 77,850 1,996 2,132
Malmö University 26 51,402 1,977 1,970
Manchester Metropolitan University 45 110,105 2,447 2,544
MDC 39 110,838 2,842 2,778
Milano U 60 127,908 2,132 2,182
Mines ParisTech 3 7,657 2,552 2,500
MPG 10 9,179 918 958
Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle 2 5,003 2,502 2,502
Northumbria University 73 171,905 2,355 2,400
OpenAIRE 1 2,000 2,000 2,000
Örebro University 58 118,124 2,037 2,150
Oxford Brookes University 5 14,247 2,850 2,543
PIK-Potsdam 1 2,150 2,150 2,150
Plymouth University 41 108,776 2,653 2,673
Queen Mary, University of London 254 620,337 2,442 2,159
Queen’s University Belfast 140 333,910 2,385 2,162
Royal Holloway 43 101,773 2,367 2,173
Salzburg U 1 2,396 2,396 2,396
SOAS 11 15,154 1,378 638
Södertörns University 7 18,789 2,684 2,476
St George’s, University of London 23 67,276 2,925 2,756
Stockholm University 431 970,710 2,252 2,275
Swansea University 202 532,477 2,636 2,634
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences 3 7,110 2,370 2,500
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 288 700,640 2,433 2,480
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) 73 148,000 2,027 2,126
Tampere University 30 61,063 2,035 2,262
The Open University 27 66,541 2,464 2,852
TiHo Hannover 13 29,300 2,254 2,103
TU Chemnitz 1 100 100 100
TU Clausthal 10 17,076 1,708 1,565
TU Muenchen 15 18,136 1,209 1,209
UCL 5,175 11,369,264 2,197 2,100
Ulm U 18 37,646 2,091 2,319
Umeå University 23 45,340 1,971 2,132
Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 2 5,060 2,530 2,530
Université Clermont Auvergne 3 5,702 1,901 2,153
Université de Bordeaux 4 8,815 2,204 2,195
Université de Bourgogne 1 1,950 1,950 1,950
Université de Caen Normandie 1 750 750 750
Université de Franche-Comté 1 307 307 307
Université de La Réunion 1 2,730 2,730 2,730
Université de Lorraine 14 33,419 2,387 2,640
Université de Montpellier 1 3,583 3,583 3,583
Université de Nantes 2 6,191 3,096 3,096
Université de Poitiers 2 3,836 1,918 1,918
Université de Rennes 1 2 1,310 655 655
Université de Strasbourg 5 14,464 2,893 3,000
Université de Toulon 1 1,378 1,378 1,378
Université Grenoble Alpes 1 350 350 350
Université Lille 1 5 14,411 2,882 2,959
Université Lille 2 4 12,659 3,165 3,089
Université Nice-Sophia-Antipolis 1 2,000 2,000 2,000
Université Paris Descartes (Paris V) 9 16,978 1,886 2,033
Université Paris Diderot (Paris VII) 5 7,180 1,436 1,500
Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) 18 39,912 2,217 2,132
Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier 3 8,000 2,667 2,600
University of Aberdeen 81 210,109 2,594 2,626
University of Bath 330 777,839 2,357 2,200
University of Birmingham 1,034 2,634,038 2,547 2,531
University of Borås 4 8,003 2,001 2,225
University of Bristol 558 1,348,747 2,417 2,275
University of Calgary 46 92,407 2,009 2,183
University of Cambridge 2,637 7,354,408 2,789 2,671
University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague 5 10,001 2,000 2,200
University of Debrecen 15 22,732 1,515 1,147
University of Dundee 197 511,297 2,595 2,496
University of Durham 376 844,091 2,245 2,124
University of East Anglia 68 157,028 2,309 2,091
University of Eastern Finland 38 68,305 1,798 1,754
University of Edinburgh 1,310 3,344,070 2,553 2,453
University of Exeter 524 1,395,854 2,664 2,638
University of Glasgow 728 1,920,694 2,638 2,489
University of Gothenburg 378 940,750 2,489 2,532
University of Huddersfield 80 143,645 1,796 1,856
University of Hull 26 65,590 2,523 2,649
University of Kent 71 151,256 2,130 2,046
University of Leeds 308 808,066 2,624 2,631
University of Leicester 110 283,437 2,577 2,326
University of Liverpool 745 1,775,609 2,383 2,380
University of Loughborough 324 726,362 2,242 2,234
University of Manchester 1,935 4,762,177 2,461 2,397
University of Newcastle 779 2,191,562 2,813 2,666
University of Nottingham 359 922,542 2,570 2,597
University of Oxford 2,496 7,258,366 2,908 2,669
University of Portsmouth 6 13,412 2,235 2,652
University of Reading 386 830,684 2,152 2,249
University of Salford 9 24,338 2,704 2,710
University of Sheffield 766 1,859,093 2,427 2,323
University of Skövde 12 23,240 1,937 1,870
University of Southampton 375 922,491 2,460 2,524
University of St Andrews 207 464,910 2,246 2,152
University of Strathclyde 240 489,004 2,038 1,974
University of Surrey 86 203,689 2,368 2,358
University of Sussex 205 487,483 2,378 2,376
University of the West of England 39 91,371 2,343 2,128
University of Turku 121 270,260 2,234 2,153
University of Ulster 13 27,113 2,086 2,236
University of Warwick 267 679,743 2,546 2,574
University of York 462 1,107,714 2,398 2,341
University West 16 35,544 2,221 2,383
Uppsala University 361 925,100 2,563 2,521
Virginia Tech 17 23,968 1,410 1,271
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics 2 4,870 2,435 2,435
Wellcome Trust 4,358 11,663,763 2,676 2,611

Use of external sources

External sources were used to compile the dataset. This allows for disambiguated information on publishers and journals in order to make cost data comparable. Shared identifiers for publications (e.g. PMID) are provided as well.

Source variable description
CrossRef publisher Title of Publisher
CrossRef journal_full_title Full Title of Journal
CrossRef issn International Standard Serial Numbers (collapsed)
CrossRef issn_print ISSN print
CrossRef issn_electronic ISSN electronic
CrossRef license_ref License of the article
CrossRef indexed_in_crossref Is the article metadata registered with CrossRef? (logical)
ISSN International Centre issn_l Linking ISSN
EuropePMC pmid PubMed ID
EuropePMC pmcid PubMed Central ID
Web of Science ut Web of Science record ID
DOAJ doaj Is the journal indexed in the DOAJ? (logical)

Sample Visualisations

Distribution over publishers by university

plot of chunk uni_publisher

Comparing fees paid by university and research institution

plot of chunk box_all

Average fees paid by publisher

plot of chunk box_publisher

Average fees Max Planck Digital Library paid for Springer Open Access articles by year

plot of chunk box_mpdl_springer

For more examples see also http://openapc.github.io/openapc-de/

How to contribute?

In collaboration with the DINI working group Electronic Publishing, a wiki page(in German) explains all the steps required. Meeting and telephone conferences are documented as well:

License

The datasets are made available under the Open Database License: http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/1.0/. Any rights in individual contents of the database are licensed under the Database Contents License: http://opendatacommons.org/licenses/dbcl/1.0/

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License.

How to cite?

When citing this dataset, please indicate the release you are referring to. The releases also contain information on contributors relating to the respective release.

Please do not cite the master branch of the Github repository (https://github.com/OpenAPC/openapc-de/tree/master/), but use the release numbers/tags.

Bielefeld University Library archives a copy (including commit history). To cite:

{Contributors:} Datasets on fee-based Open Access publishing across German Institutions. Bielefeld University. 10.4119/UNIBI/UB.2014.18

Acknowledgement

This project follows Wellcome Trust example to share data on paid APCs. It recognises efforts from JISC and the ESAC initative to standardise APC reporting.

For data enrichment, sample visualisations and explorations we build on the work of rOpenSci and LibreCat/Catmandu.

Contributors

Jens Harald Aasheim, Benjamin Ahlborn, Chelsea Ambler, Magdalena Andrae, Jochen Apel, Hans-Georg Becker, Roland Bertelmann, Daniel Beucke, Peter Blume, Ute Blumtritt, Sabine Boccalini, Stefanie Bollin, Kim Braun, Christoph Broschinski, Paolo Buoso, Cliff Buschhart, Dorothea Busjahn, Pablo de Castro, Roberto Cozatl, Amanda Cullin, Patrick Danowski, Gernot Deinzer, Julia Dickel, Andrea Dorner, Stefan Drößler, Karin Eckert, Carsten Elsner, Clemens Engelhardt, Katrin Falkenstein-Feldhoff, Inken Feldsien-Sudhaus, Silke Frank, Fabian Franke, Claudia Frick, Marléne Friedrich, Paola Galimberti, Agnes Geißelmann, Kai Karin Geschuhn, Steffi Grimm, Ute Grimmel-Holzwarth, Evgenia Grishina, Christian Gutknecht, Uli Hahn, Kristina Hanig, Margit L. Hartung, Dominik Hell, Ulrich Herb, Stephanie Herzog, Kathrin Höhner, Christie Hurrell, Arto Ikonen, Doris Jaeger, Najko Jahn, Alexandra Jobmann, Juho Jussila, Nadja Kalinna, Mirjam Kant, Andreas Kennecke, Robert Kiley, Ilka Kleinod, Lydia Koglin, Biljana Kosanovic, Stephanie Kroiß, Gerrit Kuehle, Anna Laakkonen, Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Gerald Langhanke, Inga Larres, Stuart Lawson, Sari Leppänen, Camilla Lindelöw, Kathrin Lucht-Roussel, Jan Lüth, Frank Lützenkirchen, Steffen Malo, Anna Marini, Manuel Moch, Anja Oberländer, Jere Odell, Linda Ohrtmann, Vitali Peil, Gabriele Pendorf, Mikko Pennanen, Dirk Pieper, Tobias Pohlmann, Thomas Porquet, Markus Putnings, Andrée Rathemacher, Edith Reschke, Katharina Rieck, Friedrich Riedel, Florian Ruckelshausen, Ilka Rudolf, Annette Scheiner, Michael Schlachter, Birgit Schlegel, Barbara Schmidt, Stefanie Seeh, Barbara Senkbeil-Stoffels, Adriana Sikora, Tereza Simandlová, Lisa Spindler, Susanne Stemmler, Matti Stöhr, Eva Stopková, Kálmán Szőke, Linda Thomas, Laura Tobler, Johanna Tönsing, Marco Tullney, Milan Vasiljevic, Astrid Vieler, Viola Voß, Roland Wagner, Marco Winkler, Sabine Witt, Michael Wohlgemuth, Qingbo Xu, Philip Young, Philipp Zumstein

Contact

For bugs, feature requests and other issues, please submit an issue via Github.

For general comments, email openapc at uni-bielefeld.de

Disclaimer

People, who are looking for “Open Advanced Process Control Software” for automation, visualization and process control tasks from home control up to industrial automation, please follow http://www.openapc.com (2015-09-30)